According to the United States Census Bureau, 27.2% of people had a disability in 2014. Around 17.6% had a severe disability. Various conditions and injuries can cause disabilities. Let’s look at the top 10 according to the Social Security Administration (SSA).
To determine the top 10, we looked at the SSA’s Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program from 2018. Below are the largest groups of those with disabilities on Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
If you need help with your SSDI claim, contact John Foy & Associates. We can help you seek the benefits you need and deserve. To schedule a FREE consultation, call (404) 400-4000 or contact us online.
1. Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue
This group made up 29.7% of all people receiving Social Security benefits.
The musculoskeletal system includes bones, ligaments, cartilage, and other connective tissues. This system connects your bones and helps you maintain movements. No one can adequately sit, walk, or stand without the skeletal system.
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue disorders include:
- Spine disorders
- Ruptured discs
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Degenerative disc disease
Musculoskeletal system disorders can make it near-impossible to work. Many people are on SSDI for these conditions because of how much they impact everyday life.
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2. Mood Disorders
Mood disorders made up 12.9% of those receiving disability benefits. Mood disorders can include:
- Bipolar disorder
- Major depressive disorder
- Cyclothymic disorder
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
- Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)
- Depression related to mental illness
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Mood disorders can distort someone’s mood or emotions. They might feel irritability, extreme sadness, or emptiness. Anxiety and depression can significantly impact someone’s ability to work.
3. Nervous System and Sense Organs
The nervous system includes the:
- Spinal cord
- Sensory organs
The nervous system helps all the body parts communicate. It’s also responsible for decision-making. Nervous system and sense organ disorders make up 9.7% of those receiving disability benefits.
According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, the following are examples of nervous system disorders:
- Infections like meningitis and polio
- Functional disorders like epilepsy and neuralgia
- Degenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis and Parkinson disease
- Structural disorders like Bell’s palsy and brain or spinal cord injuries
4. Intellectual Disabilities
According to the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disorders (AAIDD), an intellectual disability involves limitations in:
- Learning, reasoning, and problem-solving
- Adaptive behavior
Intellectual disabilities often start before the age of 18. They make up 8.6% of those on disability benefits.
Types of intellectual disabilities include:
- Fragile X syndrome
- Developmental delays
- Down syndrome
- Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
- Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)
Intellectual disabilities can make it challenging to learn, retain information, and communicate.
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5. Circulatory System
The circulatory system, which is also known as the cardiovascular system, includes:
- Arteries that carry blood away from the heart
- Veins that carry blood back to the heart.
The circulatory system brings nutrients, oxygen, and hormones to the body’s cells. It also takes waste products out of the body. Circulatory system diseases disrupt this process and make up 7% of those on disability.
Common diseases that affect the circulatory system include:
- Heart attack
- Arrhythmia and dysrhythmia
- Heart failure
- High cholesterol or high blood pressure
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
6. Schizophrenic and Other Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic disorders make up 4.8% of those on disability benefits can include symptoms like:
- Catatonic behavior
- Disorganized speech
Symptoms can make it difficult to be social, complete activities, and engage in regular work. Delusional disorder, schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder are typical examples of psychotic disorders.
7. Other Mental Disorders
“Other mental disorders” make up 4% of those on disability. These disorders can include those not already listed.
Physical injuries can often lead to disabilities. SSA data shows that 3.5% of people became disabled because of injuries.
A sudden injury can change someone’s life forever. They might be unable to work as they could before — or unable to work at all. A total disability from injuries can lead someone to apply for SSDI.
9. Organic Mental Disorders
Another name for organic mental disorders is “chronic organic brain syndromes.” These disorders are brain afflictions that cause severe psychological or behavioral issues. They affect 3.3% of those on SSDI.
The problems could be temporary or lifelong. They do not include psychiatric disorders. Diseases, injuries, or defects in the body might cause organic mental disorders. Symptoms include brain function loss, confusion, and memory loss.
Examples of organic mental disorders include:
- Alzheimer’s disease
Finally, the 10th top disability comes from neoplasms. A neoplasm is an abnormal growth that affects 2.8% of those on disability benefits. It forms a tumor or lump in the body.
Cells that divide more quickly than usual can cause a neoplasm. Neoplasms can be benign, pre-cancerous, or cancerous. If the tumor grows uncontrollably, it can spread to other body parts. As it spreads, it can affect organs and become life-threatening.
The main types of neoplasms include:
What Should You Do if You Have a Disability?
If you’re disabled and cannot work, you might be eligible for SSDI. You can apply through the SSA. SSDI can help provide income for you and your family’s needs.
You’ll need to show proof of your medical condition and work history. You must have worked enough hours at jobs covered by Social Security.
A Social Security Disability lawyer can help you with your claim. If the SSA denies your application, a lawyer can help you appeal. Don’t assume you don’t qualify without speaking to a lawyer first.
Talk to a Social Security Disability Lawyer for Free Today
John Foy & Associates has been helping disabled individuals for over 20 years. We can help if you’re struggling to get the benefits you need. Plus, we do not collect a fee unless we win you money.
Contact us today for a FREE, no-risk consultation. Call (404) 400-4000 or contact us online today.