Understanding Georgia Motor Vehicle Crash Report Codes
“Test Type” is a field on a Georgia Accident Report which shows what type of test, if any, a driver was required to take to detect alcohol and/or drugs after a car accident. Not all tests are equally reliable.
Drug and alcohol testing is required after some types of collisions, particularly those that involve drivers who are acting as an employee at the time of the accident. It is also necessary if a driver holds a commercial driver license.
What types of drug or alcohol tests are available after an accident in Georgia?
Generally, an officer can only use certain types of drug or alcohol tests at the scene of the accident. The Accident Report has codes for the following types of tests:
Breathalyzer and field sobriety tests are the most common. Field sobriety tests may include:
- Walking in a straight line
- Touching your nose
- Moving your eyes back and forth to follow an object
- Saying the alphabet
If the officer gives a field sobriety test or another type of test, they should indicate that in the narrative section of the report.
Results of urine and blood tests cannot immediately be determined. If the officer doesn’t have that information right away, they need to follow up after the report is complete to include this information later. It will be provided on a supplemental report but is not an entirely separate report. That means that when you request a police report, you should get any additional reports attached the main document as well.
How accurate are drug tests given after a car accident?
Each type of alcohol or drug test has a different accuracy level. The kind of test the police use will have an effect on your personal injury case because it could be very accurate or its reliability may be in question.
- Devices used to test a drivers’ blood alcohol concentration by their breath are easy to carry and use, which is why officers use them routinely in the field. While technology has improved a great deal in recent years, these devices may be inaccurate by up to 23% of the time.
- Blood testing. Blood tests are considered the most accurate form of drug and alcohol testing. But, the results of these tests are usually delayed because officers do not test blood in the field.
- Urine testing. Urine testing is more often used for drug tests. Its accuracy rating is very high, but there are reasons that a false positive may occur as well. As a rule, however, urine tests are generally considered good evidence of drug use during a car accident.
- Field sobriety tests. The accuracy of field sobriety tests varies widely. In some situations, these tests are not accurate as much as 70% of the time. But, when this type of test is given, it is also sometimes followed up with a more accurate test, such as a blood or urine test.
Using Drug Test Information in Your Car Accident Case
The type of drug or alcohol test given to a driver will indicate how accurate it is. John Foy & Associates can help you use that information to your advantage in a car accident case. Fill out the form to your right or call us at 404-400-4000 to get your FREE consultation today.