Understanding Georgia Motor Vehicle Crash Report Codes
“First Harmful Event” is a field on a Georgia Accident Report which states the event that initially caused the vehicle crash.
“Most Harmful Event” is part of the same field, and states the event that caused the most serious injuries or damage.
Some of the most important sections on your Georgia crash report are titled simply, “First” and “Most Harmful Events.” These sections are crucial because they contain the responding officer’s assessment of what cause the accident and what caused the damage/injuries. Here’s how to understand First/Most Harmful Events:
- The “First Harmful Event” is located on the back of the report, just under the “citations” section. It states the original event that led to the crash, but it gives only a numeric code. (You can interpret the codes using this chart.) For example, if one car sideswiped another while passing, it would be code 11, “motor vehicle in motion.”
- The “Most Harmful Event” appears twice, once for each vehicle, on the front of the sheet. This is the event that caused the injuries or damage—or whichever one caused the worst of them. It appears twice because it may be different for each vehicle. As an example, if one of the sideswiped cars went off the road and ran along a guard rail, causing serious injuries, it would be code 19, “Guardrail Face” for that vehicle. Again, you can interpret the codes here.
Understanding the codes is important because they will often be used to determine fault, both by the insurance companies and by the court system; it’s why a getting a police report is so crucial to the accident claim process. The officer is required to fill them in on all vehicle crash reports.
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