Understanding Georgia Motor Vehicle Crash Report Codes
The “Area of Initial Contact” or “Point of Initial Contact” on the crash report refers to where the vehicle was first hit. In many accidents, a vehicle will end up with damage in several places — for example, if it hit something and spun into something else, or if it rear-ended someone and then got rear-ended by another driver behind. This doesn’t always happen, but when it does, it’s helpful for officers to know which impact happened first. It’s also useful to car accident lawyers and insurance adjustors as they reconstruct what happened. That’s why knowing the area of initial contact is so important.
Understanding the “Area of Initial Contact” Code on Your Crash Report
Officers will typically fill in a number from 0 to 15 to indicate the initial point of contact. Each of these codes refers to a specific direction of contact. In general, 0 means the vehicle was overturned; 1-12 refer to which side it was hit on, using the same directions as the number on a clock; and 13-15 cover some special circumstances.
To choose the right number, officers have a special overlay to help them — but you don’t need this overlay to know what they mean. Here are the full codes:
- 0 — Vehicle was overturned (upside-down)
- 1 — Vehicle was hit at the 1 o’clock position, near the front-right
- 2 — Vehicle was hit at the 2 o’clock position
- 3 — Vehicle hit on the right side
- 4 — Vehicle was hit at the 4 o’clock position
- 5 — Vehicle was hit at the 5 o’clock position, near the back right
- 6 — Vehicle hit directly from behind
- 7 — Vehicle was hit at the 7 o’clock position, near the back left
- 8 — Vehicle was hit at the 8 o’clock position
- 9 — Vehicle hit on the left side
- 10 — Vehicle was hit at the 10 o’clock position
- 11 — Vehicle was hit at the 11 o’clock position, near the front left
- 12 — Vehicle hit directly in the front
- 13 — Vehicle was first hit on top (often by flying debris)
- 14 — Vehicle was first hit on the undercarriage, often by debris on the road
- 15 — Vehicle never made contact at all; it wasn’t touched
Using Area Of Initial Contact in Your Car Accident Case
Knowing the area of initial contact helps with several factors: verifying the types of damages and injuries that should be expected; reconstructing the chain of events in the accident; and, most importantly, determining who is at fault in the car accident. As such, a properly filled out area of initial contact can make your crash report a vital weapon in your fight to get the money you deserve.
You don’t have to decipher this report on your own — or take on the insurance company. John Foy & Associates can fight your claim for you and help you get the most money possible. Let us give you a FREE consultation. Fill out the form to your right or call us at 404-400-4000 to get your FREE consultation today.